How to Make Vada Pav: The Ultimate Mumbai Street Food

Vada Pav is an iconic street food from Mumbai, India, known for its spicy and flavorful taste. Often referred to as the Indian burger, Vada Pav consists of a spicy potato filling (vada) sandwiched between a soft bun (pav), garnished with various chutneys and fried green chilies. This beloved snack is a staple in Mumbai’s vibrant street food culture. Here’s a detailed guide on how to make this delectable dish at home.


For the Vada (Potato Fritter):

  • 4 medium-sized potatoes, boiled and mashed
  • 1 tablespoon oil
  • 1 teaspoon mustard seeds
  • 1 teaspoon cumin seeds
  • 1 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1-2 green chilies, finely chopped
  • 1 tablespoon ginger-garlic paste
  • 8-10 curry leaves
  • 2 tablespoons fresh coriander leaves, chopped
  • Salt to taste

For the Batter:

  • 1 cup gram flour (besan)
  • 1/4 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon red chili powder
  • A pinch of baking soda
  • Salt to taste
  • Water (as needed to make a smooth batter)

For the Pav (Bun):

  • 8 pav buns
  • Butter (for toasting the buns)

For the Chutneys:

  • Green chutney (made with coriander, mint, green chilies, and lemon juice)
  • Tamarind chutney (made with tamarind, jaggery, and spices)
  • Dry garlic chutney (made with garlic, coconut, sesame seeds, and red chili powder)

For Garnish:

  • Fried green chilies
  • Fresh coriander leaves, chopped


Step 1: Prepare the Potato Filling

  1. Heat Oil: In a pan, heat 1 tablespoon of oil over medium heat.
  2. Add Mustard and Cumin Seeds: Add the mustard seeds and cumin seeds. Let them splutter.
  3. Add Spices and Aromatics: Add the finely chopped green chilies, ginger-garlic paste, and curry leaves. Sauté for a minute until fragrant.
  4. Add Turmeric and Potatoes: Add the turmeric powder and the boiled, mashed potatoes. Mix well.
  5. Season and Garnish: Add salt to taste and chopped coriander leaves. Mix well and cook for 2-3 minutes. Remove from heat and let it cool.
  6. Shape the Vadas: Once the mixture is cool, divide it into 8 equal portions. Shape each portion into a ball or patty.

Step 2: Prepare the Batter

  1. Mix Dry Ingredients: In a bowl, combine gram flour, turmeric powder, red chili powder, baking soda, and salt.
  2. Make the Batter: Gradually add water to the dry ingredients, whisking continuously to form a smooth, lump-free batter. The batter should be thick enough to coat the vadas.

Step 3: Fry the Vadas

  1. Heat Oil: Heat oil in a deep frying pan over medium-high heat.
  2. Dip and Fry: Dip each potato ball or patty into the batter, ensuring it is well-coated. Carefully drop it into the hot oil.
  3. Fry Until Golden: Fry the vadas until they are golden brown and crispy on all sides. Remove with a slotted spoon and drain on paper towels.

Step 4: Prepare the Pav

  1. Butter the Buns: Slice the pav buns horizontally. Heat a pan and lightly butter the cut sides of the buns.
  2. Toast the Buns: Toast the buns on the pan until they are golden brown and slightly crispy.

Step 5: Assemble the Vada Pav

  1. Apply Chutneys: Spread green chutney and tamarind chutney on the inside of the pav buns.
  2. Add the Vada: Place a fried vada inside each pav bun.
  3. Garnish: Sprinkle some dry garlic chutney on top of the vada. Add fried green chilies and fresh coriander leaves for extra flavor.

Step 6: Serve

  1. Serve Hot: Serve the Vada Pav hot with extra chutneys and fried green chilies on the side.
  2. Enjoy: Enjoy the delicious Vada Pav as a snack or a light meal.

Tips for Perfect Vada Pav

  1. Consistent Batter: Ensure the batter is of the right consistency to coat the vadas evenly.
  2. Oil Temperature: Fry the vadas in medium-hot oil to ensure they cook evenly and remain crispy.
  3. Flavorful Chutneys: Use fresh and flavorful chutneys to enhance the taste of the Vada Pav.
  4. Fresh Pav: Use fresh pav buns for the best taste and texture.
  5. Garnish Generously: Garnish with fried green chilies and extra chutneys to elevate the flavor.


Vada Pav is a beloved street food that captures the heart of Mumbai’s culinary culture. Making Vada Pav at home allows you to enjoy this flavorful snack fresh and hot. By following this detailed recipe, you can recreate the magic of Mumbai’s street food in your own kitchen. Serve it with your favorite chutneys and relish the spicy, tangy, and delicious flavors of Vada Pav!

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